Butterfly and Moth Species of Wales

Thanks to Butterfly Conservation I have a great start to my research into the species of butterfly and moth to be found in Wales, and clues as to where to find them. I shall make contact soon and find out more about their work. Meanwhile, I have cribbed from them a list of species to be found in Wales that are under threat and in need of habitat conservation as well as a list of the those species considered a priority for conservation. I hope to be able to report spotting at least some of these on site at Rhosygilwen:

Threatened Species

  • Argent and Sable  Rheumaptera Hastata a day flying moth
  • Brown Hairstreak  Thecla betulae a hedgerow and woodland butterfly
  • Buttoned Snout Hypena rostralis a night moth and one of the longest living species
  • Double Line  Mythimna turca,  a moth. The turca part of its latin name means ‘Turkey Red’ a natural red dye, and refers to the colour of its wings
  • Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth  Hemaris tityus a day flying moth that resembles a large bumblebee
  • Waved Carpet Hydrelia sylvata part of a family of moths named for their posture at rest
  • Welsh Clearwing  Synanthdon scoliaeformis a very local species of moth found almost exclusively in Wales and Ireland

Priority Species found in Wales during a 4 year Forestry Commission survey 2000 – 2004

  • Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia
  • Silver-studded Blue Plebeius argus
  • Wood White Leptidea sinapsis
  • Small Blue Cupido minimus
  • Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene
  • Large Heath Coenonympha tullia
  • Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia
  • Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus malvae
  • Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages
  • Drab Looper Minoa murinata

More common species

  • Common Blue Polyommatus icarus
  • Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae
  • Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja
  • Gatekeeper or Hedge Brown Pyronia tithonus
  • Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris
  • Large White or Cabbage White Pieris brassicae
  • Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines
  • Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus
  • Peacock Aglais io
  • Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria
  • Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina
  • Large Skipper Ochlodes sylvanus
  • Clouded Yellow Colias croceus
  • Small White or (also) Cabbage White Pieris rapae
  • Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi
  • Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta
  • Comma Polygonia c-album
  • Wall Lasiommata megera
  • Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus
  • Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni
  • Green Veined White Pieris napi
  • Small Copper (American Copper,  Common Copper) Lycaena phlaeas
  • Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
  • Small Pearl Bordered Fritillary Boloria selene
  • Grayling Hipparchia semele
  • Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus

I slightly apologise for the nature of this post, as it seems to be a great long list of names and descriptions, I know. However, this blog is also recording the bulk of my research as-it-happens, and I hope that you will also find it interesting to hear of the wide range of beautiful creatures that flutter by us largely unremarked as we go about our daily business.

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